SATURDAYS see the good people at The Angling Trust, the single organisation to represent all game, coarse and sea anglers and angling in this country, take over our blog. 

Angling Trust chief executive, Mark Lloyd brings you this week’s blog.

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OVER the past week, two reports have landed on my desk from Europe that are really valuable to us in our on-going battle to get proper controls on the numbers of cormorants. 

They show that numbers of cormorants across Europe are their highest for 150 years and further strengthen the case for action to be taken to protect fish stocks in the UK from unsustainable predation by cormorants.

The first report was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Fisheries Committee from Professor Ian Cowx of Hull University’s acclaimed Fisheries Institute and the other is the European Commission’s clarification on derogation under the Birds Directive which provides important information to support any moves by the UK Government to open up the current inadequate licensing system for controlling cormorant numbers.

One of the aims of Professor Cowx’s report was to recommend a management strategy to reduce the damage caused by cormorants to fisheries and aquaculture and his key findings included:

  • Cormorant numbers across Europe are now at their highest for at least 150 years, in excess of 500,000 birds
  • There has been an upsurge of cormorants in inland waters in Europe since the late 1980s
  • Cormorants are causing direct damage to fisheries and indirect damage to ecosystem dynamics including forestry, water quality and biodiversity
  • Countries need a structured management plan including lethal control
  • A large scale management plan on Lake Huron in North America worked: cormorant populations in North America were reduced by 160,000 birds; nests in the Lake Huron area were reduced from a peak of 5,500 nests to 500.  This resulted in a rapid recovery of fish stocks
  • Each Member State should organise their response to cormorants drawing on lessons from the US Fish & Wildlife Service.

The second report provides the European Commission’s clarification on derogations allowed under the Birds Directive and it confirmed that:

  • Actions are allowed if it is necessary to protect fauna & flora and to prevent serious damage to crops, livestock, forests, fisheries and water
  • Annual report by Member States to EC required
  • Have to show “no other satisfactory solution” to lethal control
  • Denmark & France have National Management Schemes
  • Derogations to protect eels from predation in eel management plans is acceptable
  • Derogations to protect marble trout, grayling and salmon are acceptable where their conservation status is at risk
  • Measures should be aimed not at maintaining specific population levels of cormorants but to provide necessary protection for fish and fisheries.

These two reports are highly significant as they clarify beyond argument that the EU Birds Directive is no barrier to allowing member states to take the necessary action, including shooting, to protect fisheries from unsustainable predation by cormorants whose numbers have exploded in recent decades.

Without healthy fish populations in our rivers, streams and lakes many other types of wildlife will suffer, and we will lose the huge benefits of angling to the economy and society, as well as to millions of us who love our fishing.

Cormorant numbers are doing untold damage to our fish and fishing which is why the Angling Trust has persuaded the government to review the current and wholly inadequate system of licensing controls on their numbers and the damage they do.  We have urged the Minister to act as soon as possible now that the review has concluded.

Our course, the RSPB will be fighting hard to stop any further controls on cormorants.  They have 1 million members and this brings them great political power and resources to fight these battles.  Please join the Angling Trust so that we can have more influence and funding to fight for the future of fish and fishing.


All this work depends on members and donors to make it happen.  If you’re not a member, now’s the time to back us so that we can protect and improve your fishing. It only takes 5 minutes at or by phoning 0844 7700616 during office hours (press 1 for membership).



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